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Choose your palm trees (when you buy)

Choosing your plants for purchase is a preliminary step that you should not neglect, because the failure or success of the first years of cultivation will depend on it.

The rustic palms


The Palm tree a giant grass?/ Span>

The palm trees belong to the family ARECACEAE./ P>

This plant family includes more than 2800 species, making it one of the largest among the class of MONOCOTYLEDONES.This "Giant Grass" has only one leaf bud that ensures its growth.

In palms, as in fungi, the main, usually unbranched, leaf-bearing axis is called Stipe.

Its very special structure is composed of intertwined fibers tight against each other forming a dense and flexible cylinder.This fibrous structure does not grow diametrically with age as in trees.

However, thickening of some parts of the stipe can be observed.This increase is due to the multiplication and thickeningt fibers inside the stipe.

The palm leaves or "palms" are composed of four main types:

-the webbed leaves, whose shape is reminiscent of a fan

-the pinnate leaves, whose shape reminds that of a comb, or a feather

the costapalmated leaves, whose structure is intermediate between the two preceding types, the general aspect is that of a fan with a central axis

the bipinnate leaves, which are pinnate along a main axis, but also on the secondary axes

The leaf limb is attached to the stipe by a petiole.The petioles can be smooth or armed with thorns or sharp teeth, their role is to protect the apical bud of the plant.For most palms, the old palms fall taking the petiole entirely in their fall, leaving the stipe bare and scarred.

text-align: center; ">In reproductive organs, there exists in palm trees all the cases of figures:/ P>

-inflorescences males and females on different plants (dioecious species)

- male and female inflorescences on the same plant, but separated (monoecious species)

-infloresceincluding male and female flowers (monoecious species)

-florescences including hermaphroditic flowers (male and female organs in the same flower)

The fruits are often colored and of all the textures (fibrous, scaly ..) There is generally only one seed per fruit whose size can vary from a head of pin (Coccothrinax) to more than 15 kilos (Lodoicea maldivica).

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Grow your palms indoors

Cultivating palms indoors implies a choice of species supporting the conditions of a modern apartment: low light, very low atmospheric humidity and constant temperature (20 to 25 ° C). The undergrowth palms are the best adapted to its growing conditions.Among the most commonly offered species in the trade, we will preferably choose Phoenixroebelenii,Rhapis excelsa,Livistona chinensis.The Palm treeslike drained and wet soils, but excess water or stagnant water is often fatal.Short leaf tips indicate a lack of atmospheric moisture.There is then a need to spray the leaves with water and to water regularly the plant but without excess!

Grow your potted palms outdoors

Palms grown outdoors potted are rarely happy palms! Indeed the constraints add up: climatic avatars (wind, frost, heavy rain ...) and the limits of the pot (space, water, nutrients ...) Palm trees cultivated in its conditions grow less quickly and less well than in the ground.It will be better to choose palms of low development and rustic, Chamaerops humilisor young peoplePhoenix canariensis.It is obvious that it will be necessary to think of stocking the palms grown in pots before the winter period in regions with a temperate climate.

Grow your palms in the open ground



Different rustic palms and temperatures.

Interviews and fertilizers

Conclusion


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