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The Palm a giant grass?
Palm trees belong to the ARECACEAE family.
The plant family includes more than 2800 species, which makes it one of the largest amongst the class of MONOCOTS.This "giant grass" has only a single leaf bud which ensures its growth.
At the Palm, as in fungi, main, usually not branched axis supporting the leaves is called Stipe.
Its very particular structure is composed of interlacing of fibres tight against the other forming a dense and flexible cylinder.This fibrous structure does not believe diametrically with age as in the trees.
However, one can observe a thickening of portions of the stipe.This increase is due to the multiplicationand thickening of the fibers inside the stipe.
The leaves of Palm or "flippers", are composed of four main types:
-the palmate leaves, whose shape is reminiscent of a range
-pinnate leaves, whose shape recalls that of a comb, or a feather
-the costapalmate leaves, whose structure is intermediate between the two previous types; the general appearance is that of a range with however a central axis
-the bipinnate leaves which are pinnately along a principal axis, but on the secondary axes
The leaf blade is connected to the stipe by a petiole.Petioles can be smooth or armed with thorns or sharp teeth, their role being to protect the apical bud of the plant.For most of the Palm trees, the old Palms fall taking fully the petiole in their fall, leaving the trunk bare and marked with a scar.
In matters of reproductive organ, there among the Palm trees all the cases:
-male and female inflorescences on different plants (dioecious species)
-male and female on the same plant, but separate inflorescences(Monoecious species)
-inflorescence with male and female flowers (Monoecious species)
-inflorescences with hermaphrodite flowers (male and female organs in the same flower)
The fruits are often colorful and all textures (fibrous, flaky...).There is usually only one seed per fruit whose size can vary from a pin head (Coccothrinax) more than 15 kilos (Lodoicea maldivica).
Choose palms (for purchase)
Choosing plants for purchase is a preliminary step to not ignore, because lechec or the success of the first years of culture depend.
Grow Palms indoors
Grow Palms indoors involves a choice species supporting the conditions of a modern apartment: low light, low humidity and constant temperature (20-25 ° c).Understory palms are best suited to its conditions of culture.Among the species most commonly proposeds in the trade, we will choose preferably Phoenix roebelenii, Rhapis excelsa, Livistona chinensis.Palm trees like drained, wet soils, but excess water or stagnant water is often fatal.Spikes of dried leaflets indicate a lack of humidity.Simply spray the leaves with water and water the plant regularly but not excessively!
Growing Palms in pots outdoors
Grown outdoors potted palms are rarely happy Palm trees!Indeed the constraints add up: climate avatars (wind, Frost, heavy rain...) and the limits of the pot (space, water, nutrients,...).Palm trees grown in conditions grow less quickly and less well than in the ground.It will be better to choose Hardy, and palm trees of low development Chamaerops humilis young people or Phoenix canariensis.It is obvious that he will have to think a store Palm trees grown in pots there winter in temperate regions.
Grow Palms outdoors
Different Palmsrustic and temperatures.
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